Biomedical Dry Needling

Biomedical Dry Needling and Electro Dry Needling

What is dry needling?

Dry Needling is a treatment using a very fine/thin filament needle, an 8th of the size of a flu shot needle, to penetrate the skin and affect the underlying structures such as muscles, nerves, fascia, or ligaments. Needles activate the built-in survival mechanisms that normalize homeostasis and promote self healing. The Needles are also paired with an electrical stimulation which provides a stimulation to the entire muscle group and increase rapid recovery.

During this treatment, a provider inserts thin, sharp needles through your skin to treat underlying myofascial trigger points. In the word “myofascial,” “myo” means “muscle.” Fascia is the thin, white connective tissue wrapped around your muscles. Trigger points are knotted, tender areas that develop in your muscles. These trigger points are highly sensitive and can be painful when touched. Sometimes, a trigger point may be near the location of your pain. But they’re also often the cause of referred pain. Referred pain is pain that affects another part of your body.

Physical therapists use needles to alleviate your trigger points. When dry needling is applied to your muscles and tissues, it can decrease tightness, increase blood flow and reduce local and referred pain. Providers use solid needles that don’t contain any kind of medication. This is why the technique is called “dry.” Nothing is injected into your body.

Biological Effects and Benefits of Dry Needling:

What can Dry Needling Treat:

How does it work?

One way we use Dry Needling is where the needles are inserted to cause Micro-Injuries to symptomatic areas, associated nerves, and surrounding structures which signal the body to jump start the healing process.​ This process of Dry Needling consists of two mechanisms: Central and Peripheral.​ The central mechanism of Dry Needling stimulates parts of the brain which activate the nervous, endocrine, immune, and cardiovascular systems which in turn normalize the physiological activities of the entire body.​ The peripheral mechanism of Dry Needling triggers physiological reactions around the needling site and involves all four survival systems in desensitizing and repairing damaged tissues.​

When your muscle is overused, it goes into an energy crisis where the muscle fibers aren’t getting an adequate blood supply. When they don’t get the normal blood supply, they don’t get the oxygen and nutrients that allow your muscle to go back to its normal resting state. When this happens, the tissue near your trigger point becomes more acidic. Your nerves are sensitized, which makes the area sore and painful. Stimulating a trigger point with a needle helps draw normal blood supply back to flush out the area and release tension.

The prick sensation can also fire off nerve fibers that stimulate your brain to release endorphins, your body’s homemade pain medication. Once your Doctor locates a trigger point, they’ll insert a needle through your skin directly into it. They might move the needle around a little to try to get what’s called a local twitch response — a quick spasm of your muscle. This reaction can be a good sign that your muscle is reacting. Some people feel improvement in their pain and mobility almost immediately after a dry needling session. For others, it takes more than one session.

Note from the Mayo Clinic

Injecting a numbing agent or a steroid into a trigger point can help relieve pain. In some people, just the act of inserting the needle into the trigger point helps break up the muscle tension. Called dry needling, this technique involves inserting a needle into several places in and around the trigger point, which appears to be helpful for some people who have myofascial pain syndrome.

Current Research

Frequently Asked Questions

Every patient is different as to perception of pain/feeling. Some patients may feel a heavy/dull/ache during the Dry Needling, some may not feel much at all.
Needle sizes vary from 13 millimeters to 125 millimeters. Depending on the region of body and target structures to be Dry Needled will determine the size of the Needle to be used.
Common side effects are fatigue, bruising around the needling site, mild soreness, drowsiness, tiredness, or dizziness may also occur but is rare (1-3%) of patients.

We highly recommend drinking more water for the next 24 hours after dry needling, which will help avoid/reduce soreness.

More information will be discussed before your Dry Needling Treatment with your Physical Therapist.

One way we use Dry Needling is where needles are inserted to cause micro-injuries to symptomatic areas, associated nerves, and surrounding structures which signal the body to jump start the healing process. We also perform Electro-Dry Needling, where an electrical stimulation is sent to the muscles via the inserted Dry Needles, this sends signals to your brain to promote rapid recovery.
Dry Needling is very safe; however serious side effects can occur in less than 1 per 10,000 (0.01%). Some include pneumothorax, which in most cases

After having your initial evaluation, we will determine which treatments are most beneficial for you. The initial evaluation which will last for about an hour will include Dry Needling Treatment, if indicated for your diagnosis and if you qualify as a candidate.

Your treatments will all be performed by a Doctor of Physical Therapy who has received advanced training and certifications in the anatomy and biomechanics of the human body along with Dry Needling Certifications. You will receive one on one care at all times by a Doctor of Physical Therapy.

Number of Sessions will be determined upon Initial Evaluation. Depending on severity of the patients condition, which will determine how many sessions. The Doctor of Physical Therapy will come up with a plan of care tailored to the patients benefit to promote optimal and rapid recovery.

Depending on which treatments the Doctor will be performing, sessions can last about an hour of Advanced Hands on Orthopedic Physical Therapy.

MVP Physio Dr. is located at 1645 Forest Hill Rd, Suite 105, Macon, GA 31210.

Fill out the Contact Form, located at the bottom of this page or you may contact our office directly at (478) 960-7077.

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